be CO@L exhibition in the European Parliament

A brand new exhibition on coal, hosted at the European Parliament in Strasbourg by MEP Jadwiga Wiśniewska, was opened on 11 September 2018 by Mr. Grzegorz Tobiszowski, Secretary of State for Energy in Poland. The EURACOAL President, Mr. Tomasz Rogala, who also chairs the Polish Mining Group (PGG), was on hand to explain why coal will remain an important component of Europe’s energy mix for some years to come.

Find out more about the exhibition at the BE CO@L website.

Left to right: Mr. Tomasz Rogala, Chairman of the Board, Polska Grupa Górnicza S.A.; MEP Zdzisław Krasnodębski; MEP Karol Karski; MEP Ryszard Legutko; MEP Jadwiga Wiśniewska; Czesław Hoc; MEP Anna Fotyga; Mr. Grzegorz Tobiszowski, Secretary of State and Government Plenipotentiary for the Restructuring of the Hard Coal Mining Industry at the Polish Ministry of Energy; MEP Bolesław Piecha; MEP Ryszard Czarnecki and MEP Mirosław Piotrowski.
© EURACOAL, 2018

photos: NETTG.PL / Witold Gałązka

“Mining is not everything, but without mining everything is nothing.”

Max Planck

video: ECR

EURACOAL statement at annual political dialogue of Coal Platform

On 30 November in Katowice, ahead of COP24, the Secretary General of EURACOAL spoke on behalf of members at the annual political dialogue of the Coal Regions in Transition Platform.

EURACOAL fully supports the platform and notes the good progress made by the European Commission in less than one year. Members are active with concrete project proposals, and the secretariat in Brussels is busy compiling a coal research agenda that fits with the European Commission’s long-term climate strategy, proposed just two days before the dialogue.

Twenty-two EU member states still use significant volumes of coal – each measured in millions of tonnes per year. EURACOAL represents coal users in these countries, but especially coal producers in the eleven member states that mine coal – 464 million tonnes in 2017.

Mr. Grzegorz Tobiszowski, Secretary of State and Government Plenipotentiary for the restructuring of hard coal mining in Poland, at the annual political dialogue of the Coal Regions in Transition Platform, Katowice, 30 November 2018

The European coal industry has been in decline for decades. That decline has slowed recently (see p.34 in EU coal regions: opportunities and challenges ahead, EC Joint Research Centre report EUR 29292 EN, 2018), but will speed up again with the mine closure plans now proposed by industry. No other sector has contributed as much in terms of CO2 emission reductions since 1990. Economics has driven this decline – beginning with competition from North Sea gas in Western Europe and the collapse of uncompetitive industry in Eastern Europe.

In a perfect world, wind power and solar PV would now be replacing coal. Sadly, they are neither fully competitive nor reliable. Better, more economic alternatives to coal will come along in good time. In the meantime, we have to make the best use of what we have. The EU Emissions Trading System will take care of carbon emissions and the coal industry can operate under its ceiling. There is no need to import natural gas to replace coal. The backup to renewables, the security of power supply, and the virtual storage of electricity can all be provided by coal power plants that are already built or are being built. No more big, new coal plants are needed, only an electricity market that properly rewards power plant availability. The Polish government has stated that the hard coal plants now under construction are the country’s last.

Europe should celebrate that the energy transition can be safe and secure, because we have coal in our “back pocket”. It will be a while before we can rely on 100% renewables, not least because they cannot deliver when needed; at least not until large-scale energy storage technologies are widely available.

As and when coal mines close, land must be restored and new jobs created. There is no hurry; it takes years to plan and implement land reclamation projects, after decades of mining. If we hurry, then these plans become impossible to execute, because the revenue from mining is not there to fund them.

The problems in Europe are nothing compared with elsewhere: 94% of coal is used outside of the EU (measured on an energy basis) and its use is growing for electricity generation. More and more people are benefitting from that. We must offer better ways to use coal, with lower CO2 emissions. If we do not, then our own climate action will be futile.

The former Polish Prime Minister, Prof. Jerzy Buzek MEP (EPP, PL), addresses stakeholders at the annual political dialogue of the Coal Regions in Transition Platform held in Katowice on 30 November 2018.

EURACOAL supports the inclusion of Ukraine in the Coal Platform. Pilot projects have been identified by the Ukrainian Ministry of Energy in the Donesk and Lviv regions. By sharing our experience, we can help transform these industrial regions of Ukraine.

R&D into new technologies will be crucial there and elsewhere, such as the gasification of coal with wastes to produce liquid fuels that can be stored and used to meet demand peaks. In the US, the coal industry and the government are looking to build smaller, more flexible, more efficient coal power plants. In Japan – also a big coal user – hydrogen from coal catches the imagination of what is possible and what is needed to reduce CO2 emissions.

There is much to do under the Coal Platform. EURACOAL hopes that politicians, policymakers and their advisors can all agree that those who work hard in the EU coal industry – over a third of a million – deserve our respect. Their days might be numbered, but they will see us through a few more decades of harsh winters to come.

EURACOAL President Rogala at Coal Platform

Presentation by EURACOAL President, Mr. Tomasz Rogala (click to download)

 

Addressing the third working group meetings of the Coal Regions in Transition Platform in Brussels on 5 November 2018, EURACOAL President Rogala advised that, when talking of change in the coal mining sector, the conversation must reflect the importance and maturity of this sector’s value chain.

The Coal Platform is an initiative of the European Commission to assist regions who wish to transition away from coal.

Throughout the coal mining sector, he explained, engineers operate and maintain technically advanced equipment on a daily basis, while scientists search for ways to improve production processes and coal utilisation. Thus, the economic value to society as a whole goes beyond the supply of energy to include the creation of knowledge and competences.

According to Mr. Rogala, coal mining jobs in the Silesian region of Poland are well paid, exceeding average salaries there by 50%. During the transition, he expressed his concern that any new jobs would be less well paid. He also noted that municipalities are very dependent on local taxes and would suffer if income from the coal mining sector were to be lost. For example, in the first nine months of 2018, €575 million was paid in local and national taxes by his own company, the Polish Mining Group or PGG. The company has an annual turnover of over €2.6 billion, employing 42,000 people plus over 3,000 contractors. Beyond that, there are some 150,000 jobs at suppliers of equipment and services. Mr. Rogala estimated that equipment purchases alone were worth €220 million each year. He called for a socially responsible transformation, warning against the erosion of industry in regions such as Silesia as this could undermine citizens’ trust in authority and ultimately lead to radicalism.

On a positive note, he presented what is probably the largest welding shop in Central and Eastern Europe, part of the PGG group and employing skilled welders and machinists with all the latest equipment on a floor area of over 2 hectares. By developing such competencies – from design, production, finishing, supply and erection – PGG will be able to diversify and compete in new sectors such as automotive, rail and construction.  Mr. Rogala expects this business to grow strongly in the short to medium term.

He concluded with a list of recommendations on the importance of the value chain linked to coal mining. This ensures stability and provides an opportunity for businesses to diversify into new areas in support of a successful transition with lower risks. The alternative would be costly, he said. The University of Economics in Katowice has calculated that over €50 billion would be needed simply to replace lost jobs in coal mining with jobs in other mature industrial sectors, such as automotive.

Responding to strident criticism from the many green NGOs present, EURACOAL President Rogala was open to a discussion on how coal could be replaced, but observed calmly that there were no viable alternatives currently on the table – only promises and rhetoric.

Over 250 stakeholders attended the Coal Regions in Transition Platform at the Albert Borschette Conference Centre in Brussels on 5 November 2018

The Social Pre_COP24

L-R: Mr. Grzegorz Tobiszowski, Secretary of State and Government Plenipotentiary for the restructuring of hard coal mining in Poland; MEP Jadwiga Wiśniewska (ECR, PL); and Kazimierz Grajcarek, Solidarność at the European Parliament, Brussels, 9 October 2018
Presentation by EURACOAL President, Mr. Tomasz Rogala (click to download)

On 9 October at the European Parliament in Brussels, MEP Jadwiga Wiśniewska hosted trade unionists, industrialists and Secretary of State Tobiszowski for a conference on the Polish way to a clean environment. This aims to replace the concept of “decarbonisation” with one of “climate neutrality” whereby CO2 emissions are balanced by CO2 absorption in forests. EURACOAL was represented by President, Tomasz Rogala at this sequel to an earlier event in Katowice, Poland. He spoke on the climate challenge, balanced by the need to maintain energy security and economic competitiveness in the European Union.

Bringing together the mining trade union Solidarność, OPZZ (All-Poland Alliance of Trade Unions) and the Trade Union Forum (FZZ) with professionals from SITG (Association of Mining Engineers and Technicians), the think-tank Górnictwo OK (Mining OK) and coal mining companies, the conference aimed to influence the Parliament position in the lead up to the UN COP24 climate conference in Katowice.

L-R: Mr. Tomasz Rogala, EURACOAL President and Chairman of the Board, Polska Grupa Górnicza S.A.; Mr. Grzegorz Tobiszowski, Secretary of State and Government Plenipotentiary for the restructuring of hard coal mining in Poland; MEP Jadwiga Wiśniewska (ECR, PL) at the European Parliament, Brussels, 9 October 2018

Speakers called for a serious reflection on climate policy and its impact on future generations. Grzegorz Tobiszowski, Secretary of State in the Polish Ministry of Energy, said that,

“We should put more emphasis on the primacy of economic competitiveness and the development of modern, clean coal technologies, because we in Europe are slowly losing our leading position.”

He spoke on the need of a common, global effort on climate, which he felt was lacking after the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement and Canada’s withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol back in 2011.

MEP Wiśniewska described the Paris Agreements as “a climate constitution for the globe”, but as with any piece of legislation, it can only work if fully implemented with verified efforts by all countries. A current resolution of the Parliament calls for a “zero-emission” EU economy by 2050 which she saw as too restrictive. Given the negative perception of those that do not fully support such ambitious climate goals, her decision not to sign the resolution was a political risk.

Solidarność leader, Kazimierz Grajcarek, explained that the trade unions do not act “against” anything, adding that,

“We want to live in a clean environment. The problem is that when speaking about the climate, people and science are very rarely mentioned.”

Prof. Adam Gierek MEP (S&D, PL) at the European Parliament, Brussels, 9 October 2018

From the University of Economics in Katowice, Dr. Magdalena Wójcik-Jurkiewicz presented a study on the cost of energy transition in Silesia. With a new job requiring an average of PLN 1.2 million (€280 000), the cost of replacing 200 000 lost jobs in mining would reach around PLN 200 billion or €50 billion. Dr Paweł Bogacz of the AGH University of Science and Technology, representing the “Mining OK” initiative, spoke about the impossibility of using only renewables during the energy transition; energy security demanded reliable sources such as coal which also happens to contribute to the national economy.

The event was well attended with numerous MEPs including: Vice-President Zdzisław Krasnodębski; the Former Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs, Anna Fotyga; Ryszard Legutko; Czesław Hoc; Urszula Krupa; and Prof. Adam Gierek from the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy.

English
Polish

A common statement by the Polish trade unions on the costs and benefits of climate policies was published alongside the events in Katowice and Brussels (click images to download in Polish or English). The unions call for a full assessment of all climate-related policies to date in terms of ecological effects and socio-economic impacts.

EURACOAL gives its opinion on Ukrainian coal-pricing methodology

At the request of the National Energy and Utilities Regulatory Commission of Ukraine (NEURC), EURACOAL has given its opinion on an official coal-pricing methodology introduced in 2016.  The coal price is used when setting regulated electricity tariffs in Ukraine.

The EURACOAL report concludes that the choice of marker price is correct, the “all‑publications index (API) #2 is a transparent and appropriate measure of the import parity price for coal in Ukraine.  The transport cost add-on in the so-called Rotterdam+ price formula is an approximation that accounts for the higher cost of delivering coal to ports in Ukraine compared with to ports in northwest Europe.  Adding a transport cost delta to the indexed price to arrive at an import parity price means that future variations in coal and transport costs can be captured.

The API #2 coal price index is a combination of the prices reported independently by two commercial providers of coal-market information in the Argus/McCloskey Coal Price Index Report.  Specifically, API #2 reflects the price of steam coal imported into northwest Europe at three major ports:  Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Antwerp (ARA).  The collection and reporting of the underlying price data is trusted by market participants around the world and the methodology used is fully specified and properly scrutinised.

Ukraine’s coal import needs are slightly complicated by the requirement for low-volatile coal, such as anthracite, at some Ukrainian power stations.  The international market for such coal is shallow, with few marker prices.  Given the difficulty in establishing a fair market price for this coal, a premium could be added to the steam coal price marker to cover the additional cost of importing low-volatile coal.

In conclusion, EURACOAL’s overall assessment of the NEURC coal-pricing methodology is positive.

Download press release and full report.

 

Does coal have a role in providing affordable and clean energy?

On Monday, 9 July 2018, the European Association for Coal and Lignite (EURACOAL) hosted a dinner debate in the European Parliament on affordable and clean energy, this being the UN Sustainable Development Goal No. 7. The event was organised by the European Energy Forum and chaired by Prof. Jerzy Buzek MEP.

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Left to right: Hervé Martin (EC), MEP Jaromír Kohlíček, Haitze Siemers (EC), Michał Drabik (UNECE), MEP Jerzy Buzek, Tomasz Rogala (EURACOAL/PGG), Magdalena Chawuła-Kosuri (EURACOAL) and Brian Ricketts (EURACOAL) in the European Parliament, Brussels, 9 July 2018
click to download presentation

Mr. Tomasz Rogala, President of EURACOAL and Chairman of the Polish Mining Group (PGG – Polska Grupa Górnicza S.A.), Mr. Michał Drabik, Economic Affairs Officer in the Sustainable Energy Division at the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), Mr. Haitze Siemers, Head of Unit for “New energy technologies, innovation and clean coal” in DG Energy and Mr. Hervé Martin, Head of Unit for “Coal and steel” in DG Research and Innovation, discussed the role of coal in providing affordable and clean energy. All agreed that coal would continue to be an important source of energy around the world during the energy transition.

click to download presentation

In his presentation, President Rogala pointed out that not all EU member states could afford the higher costs of the energy transition, especially those with access to affordable coal. Here, he stressed the need to continue working on clean coal technologies, as coal will continue to be needed in the European energy mix for some decades to come.

Mr. Rogala called for more time for the transition to avoid a situation where we have closed the indigenous coal mining industry, transferred jobs outside of the European Union, but still retained the negative impacts on the climate with our use of imported coal.

The EURACOAL President noted that to meet demand in 2017, the EU had imported 173 million tonnes of coal. In terms of lost jobs in coal mining, this is equivalent to around 700 thousand work places – workers who could earn €13 billion each year, he estimated. The imports meant a cash transfer of €13 billion outside of the EU and the elimination of 700 thousand jobs from the labour market, he reiterated.

Some years ago, he recalled, EURACOAL had warned that a too-fast transition would simply transfer well-paid jobs outside of EU and this is what has happened.

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MEP Jerzy Buzek with EURACOAL President, Mr. Tomasz Rogala, in the European Parliament, 9 July 2018

In his speech, President Rogala underlined, that electricity prices are higher in countries with the biggest shares of new renewables, countries like Germany or Denmark where rates are over 0.30 €/kWh.  Prices are lower in countries with smaller share of renewables: 0.10 €/kWh in Bulgaria and 0.15 €/kWh in Czech Republic. He added that Eurostat data shows that 9% of EU citizens live in energy poverty – they cannot afford to pay their electricity bills.

According to President Rogala, EU climate action is definitely too fast. Coal companies should, he suggested, be granted support for diversification during the transition. He warned, however, that change must be in line with the global situation, so as not to lose our economic competitiveness.

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Mr. Michał Drabik, UNECE Economic Affairs Officer speaking at the European Parliament, Brussels, 9 July 2018

Mr. Drabik from the UNECE in Geneva noted that fossil fuels will remain a major component of the future global energy mix, even under the most optimistic 2°C scenario for GHG emission reductions. He stressed that all seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are equal, meaning that SDG 7 on affordable and clean energy or SDG 13 on climate action are neither more nor less important than, for example, those on poverty (SDG 1) or hunger (SDG 2). They should all be considered together in an integrated approach, he said. At the same time, Mr. Drabik pointed to the fact that all SDGs depend on energy, as none of them can be attained without reliable access to it.

click to download presentation

He recalled that energy efficiency gains are the key to reducing emissions, a point also made by MEP Jaromír Kohlíček, Vice Chair of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy in the European Parliament. The problem of methane emissions from coal mining and natural gas sectors need to be addressed at each stage of the value chain, Mr. Drabik added. Furthermore, he underlined that efforts for emission reduction in the coal sector should not be focused only on the extraction and energy production phase, but on the whole coal life cycle, including mine planning, as well as a period after cessation of extracting activities. The UNECE is the unique UN institution that talks openly and frankly about the role of fossil fuels in the energy mix, preferring to leave aside emotions and lead a discussion based on facts. UNECE’s focus and imperative is on improving the environmental performance of the energy system, in particular fossil fuels. Mr. Drabik presented several UNECE projects and highlighted its International Centres of Excellence in China and Poland, inviting participants to support the UNECE’s work in these fields.

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Mr. Haitze Siemers, Head of Unit for “New energy technologies, innovation and clean coal” in DG Energy speaking at the European Parliament, Brussels, 9 July 2018

Mr. Siemers from DG Energy underlined the role of innovation and competitiveness in energy-sector development. Using examples from China, with its long, ultra-HV transmission lines, and from Japan, with its plan to develop a hydrogen economy by 2035, he highlighted energy innovation at the international level. He praised Europe’s leading role in securing the Paris Agreement and wanted to see this success repeated with innovative R&D projects in the EU during the energy transition, noting the many interesting possibilities with carbon capture and use to create not only carbon-free power generation, but also to build a circular economy.

Mr. Martin, responsible for the Research Fund for Coal and Steel (RFCS) in DG Research and Innovation, highlighted a new RFCS Accompanying Measures project on a strategic research agenda for clean coal technologies, as well as the European Commission’s Coal Regions in Transition Platform with its working group on “Eco-Innovation and Advanced Coal Technologies” taking place on 12/13 July. He concluded that Europe’s future competitiveness requires an industrial base with many products, such as wind turbines which themselves require steel and therefore coal, but cleaner coal in the future.

The event was attended by around fifty guests, including Members of the European Parliament, officials from the United Nations and the European Commission, EURACOAL members and representatives of energy companies and trade associations. European Energy Forum debates are held under the Chatham House rule.

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Dinner debate hosted by the European Energy Forum and EURACOAL in the European Parliament, 9 July 2018

A strong EURACOAL voice at the European Economic Congress in Katowice

European Economic Congress, Katowice, 14 May 2018

At the 10th European Economic Congress, held on 14-16 May 2018 at the International Conference Centre and Spodek in Katowice, many important issues concerning the mining and energy sectors were discussed. Alongside the Polish Energy Minister, Krzysztof Tchórzewski, and the Deputy Energy Minister, Grzegorz Tobiszewski, participants on the key panels included, Tomasz Rogala, CEO of Polska Grupa Górnicza (PGG – Polish Mining Group) and President of EURACOAL, as well as the First Vice President of EURACOAL, Vladimír Budinský and Janusz Olszowski, the President of the Polish Mining Chamber of Industry and Commerce (GIPH) which is a member of EURACOAL. Thanks to them, the voice of the coal was loudly heard during the European Economic Congress.

“Energy industry in Europe: dilemmas and challenges”

On the first day of the Congress, EURACOAL President Rogala participated in a panel on the dilemmas and challenges faced by the energy industry in Europe. Other participants on the panel included the Energy Minister, members of the European Parliament and leaders of Polish and international energy companies. The mechanics of capacity markets, digitalisation, decentralisation of power generation, decarbonisation of the economy, the challenges of the energy transition and many other hot topics were debated.

“In the energy industry, we are facing a lot of challenges, which concern Poland as well as all the other European Union countries. It is hard for us in this race. We were occupied countries in Europe, our development was delayed. Therefore, treating us now equally with others in terms of requirements is not really fair. We truly intend to follow. We hear accusations of being reluctant about RES. It is not the case. We are simply much poorer than you, in the old European Union.”
Energy Minister Tchórzewski

Mr. Tomasz Rogala, CEO of Polska Grupa Górnicza (PGG – Polish Mining Group) and President of EURACOAL (left); Polish Minister of Energy, Mr. Krzysztof Tchórzewski (centre) and MEP Claude Turmes (Greens/EFA, LU) with a copy of his “Energy Transformation” book at his feet.

Minister Tchórzewski compared the costs of renewable energy sources (RES) with those of health care which are incurred by citizens in the form of taxes. He noted, however, that conventional, thermal power generation must be ready and available when RES do not work. This, however, means that conventional plants no longer run all of the time at “base load”, so they cannot earn enough to cover their costs. This gap has to be filled. He added that a way to do this is with capacity markets, which solves the problem of a back-up reserve for RES and allows implementation on a broad scale.

“If we are heading towards a direction where coal is not the main source of energy, post-mining areas need to be restructured. This required huge funding, with at least a 50% share of subsidies from the EU programmes.”
Energy Minister Tchórzewski

The EURACOAL President, Tomasz Rogala, reminded everybody that EU member states have nuclear power, RES and fossil fuels, with a very significant production of lignite (383 million tonnes in 2017).

“Last year, coal imports in to the EU were at the level of 173 million tonnes, with Spain and the Netherlands seeing an increase by over a dozen percent in the consumption of these fuels. The power demand grew to such an extent that, last year, more electric power had to be produced from solid fuels. 173 million tonnes of coal had to be imported. This coal created jobs outside Europe, while its combustion and its impacts were located in Europe. Whether such an approach is justified is an open question.”
EURACOAL President Rogala

He explained that countries that have developed quickly with coal, are not giving up on coal as a source of cheap energy.  In spite of China’s huge domestic coal production – 3.5 billion tonnes or half the world’s total – the country also imports coal.  Import demand there and elsewhere is met by Australian, Indonesian, Russian and South American producers.

“We are appealing for prudence, for arranging solutions in a reasonable time, so that it is profitable for European producers and does not result in the imports of hundreds of millions of tonnes of coal in to Europe.”
EURACOAL President Rogala

At the same time, he addressed the trilemma of marrying climate action with energy security and economic afforability.

“As for the trilemma, after two days of blackouts, it would become clear which part of the triangle is the most important.”

Showing a modern smartphone, the head of EURACOAL made everybody aware:

“Fast-developing countries do not give up on coal as a source of cheap energy. We all have these devices, made in countries that do not have such low-emission standards. We, as EURACOAL, would like you to think about that.”

He emphasised the fact that impressive emission reductions had already been reached and the latest technologies allow coal to be used in environmentally safe ways. He agreed that RES are beyond question, but depend on huge subsidies.

“If they are effective, they will simply supplant coal; it will be up to consumers.”
EURACOAL President Rogala

“How to ensure Poland’s energy security in the medium and long term?”

Mr. Tomasz Rogala, CEO of Polska Grupa Górnicza (PGG – Polish Mining Group) and President of EURACOAL (left) and the Polish Minister of Energy, Mr. Krzysztof Tchórzewski (right), European Economic Congress, Katowice, 15 May 2018

On the second day of the Congress, topics related to energy and mining industries were further discussed by speakers on a panel devoted to Poland’s energy security in the medium and long term. Both Krzysztof Tchórzewski, the Energy Minister and Tomasz Rogala, CEO of Polska Grupa Górnicza and EURACOAL President, participated.

“Securing energy supplies and system stability are the priorities in the country’s long-term energy policy. Poland is developing dynamically, its energy demand is growing, while at the same time the existing reserve capacity is not sufficient. Therefore, it will be necessary to create new sources and to modernise existing ones, in order to secure a stable supply consistent with increased demand.”
Energy Minister Tchórzewski

The panel participants also emphasised the role of building energy security for the country and care for the environmental aspects of the energy industry.

“Nuclear power will, on the other hand, significantly reduce the level of energy sector emissions by counterbalancing the emissions of the coal sector, which is the basis of our energy supply system.

“In ten years’ time, the demand for energy in Poland will be 20% higher than today. Coal will still play an important part in the energy mix. The importance of scattered, prosumer power suppliers will also increase.

“For many years, the consumption of coal will grow, as we are commissioning new power units. Kozienice requires 2 million tonnes of coal annually, then two units at Opole and one at Jaworzno. New power plants are at least 20% more efficient and they meet the latest emission standards. As for the old plants, we are not shutting them down yet. After 2021, when we do close down the old units, the demand for the raw material will start decreasing to the level more or less close to that of 2017.”
Energy Minister Tchórzewski

He added that Polska Grupa Górnicza is currently able to sell all the coal that it produces.

There is no respect for numbers …

Mr. Tomasz Rogala, President of EURACOAL and CEO of Polska Grupa Górnicza (PGG – Polish Mining Group) at the European Economic Congress, Katowice, 16 May 2018

The host of the panel, Michał Niewiadomski from the „Rzeczpospolita” newspaper, asked Mr. Rogala how the coal business should be managed if, as the Minister says, more coal will be needed for the new power units, but Poland will not be able to produce it, unless it invests in new seams.

EURACOAL President Rogala emphasised that it is worth looking back a few years when the main message was that less coal would be needed as other energy sources would replace it, so production cuts were prepared. He reminded participants that, not so long ago, coal producers were pressed to reduce plans for new faces at coal mines, because that was the trend. Today, it is different, he said.

“Now, we are in 2018, and in 2017 coal imports to Europe were 173 million tonnes. Like Poland, other countries increased imports, some by 30%. What does this tell us? It tells us that we are poor at planning in Europe. If 173 million tonnes were divided among a number of coal mines, it would support about half a million jobs that are currently outside the EU, while the environmental burden remains within Europe. We more often use slogans than numbers. The coal mining sector, where investments are for two to seven years, must know what the demand will be for coal. If, in two or three years, there were to be a period of over-supply with low prices which caused a reduction of production at PGG and the closure of say ten million tonnes of production capacity, nobody could simply reverse that within a couple of years. We seem to have a lack of respect for the numbers.”
EURACOAL President Rogala

He pointed to the fact that sudden changes in demand for energy cannot be compensated for by the mining sector as its fixed costs are high in relation to its variable costs.

“We have to sell our whole production output, rather than increasing inventory, because preparing a stockyard for five million tonnes of coal costs a billion złoty which we cannot afford. Changes in energy demand should be covered by sources with low fixed costs.”
EURACOAL President Rogala

He also warned against attributing a too high economic value to emotions which, as he put it, are wrapped up in words such as “green” and “modern”.

“Coal regions in transition: the Silesia region – vision and projects”

Mr. Vladimír Budinský, First Vice President of EURACOAL at the European Economic Congress, Katowice, 15 May 2018

The panel on coal regions in transition, notably the vision and projects in the Silesia region, was dedicated to issues such as regional development plans, advanced coal technologies, e-mobility potential and wind power. Speakers included Vladimír Budinský, First Vice President of EURACOAL, and Grzegorz Tobiszowski, the Deputy Minister of Energy. The whole panel agreed that co-operation within the European Union, both in the fields of financing and law, was a precondition for the modernisation of the Polish mining industry. According to the experts, current climate policy assumptions do not mean that the world will move away from coal.

“However, projects related to new technologies will be supported: export of knowledge on those technologies to countries where coal is mined with a low level of technological knowledge will also be significant.”
EURACOAL First Vice President Budinský

Deputy Minister Grzegorz Tobiszowski added that a perfect opportunity to present investments in Upper Silesia, that can be a model for other mining regions in Europe, will be at the UNFCCC COP 24 organised in December 2018 in Katowice.

“It is a challenge that has combined the national administration with local administrations which sit at the table together with the European Commission. We will receive a certain framework from the Commission that our projects have to fit within. By mid-June, we will have filled in this framework with our projects and we already have several dozen of them, so we are now trying to combine them.”
Deputy Energy Minister Tobiszowski

“Polish coal – the perspective to 2030”

On the third day of the Congress, there was a discussion on the role of coal in the economy and power generation, as well as on the new technologies that will secure mining for the future.

“The term “Polish coal” was not accidentally chosen for the Congress and the perspective to 2030 was not accidental either. We did the right thing to shift the emphasis to vision, as the perspective is a vision, and since we are talking about vision – what should it be? We are no longer asking “if” but “how”. If coal mining is such hard work, then we should not be doing it in an unfair, inefficient way and without seeing any sense in it. Therefore, it is important to talk about perspectives. Since 1989, we have not had any theses about how much coal we need on the Polish market. Because of that, it was hard to plan any investments.”
Deputy Energy Minister Tobiszowski

Tomasz Rogala, CEO of Polska Grupa Górnicza and President of EURACOAL, spoke about maintaining the current levels of production – whether it was possible and under which conditions.

“The key is stability, which is built mainly through the long-term contracts that we have proposed to the market and a price corridor that gives us information on our long-term revenues. The long term is needed so that the company can be transformed and adjusted to future conditions. Some customers bought imported coal, because it was cheaper, and then, when prices increased, they turned to PGG and demanded their needs be met.  What is really important is predictability and the ability to maintain profitability as a consequence of good planning.”
EURACOAL President Rogala

Panel participants also talked about the role of coal in the world.

“The global trends are clear. Opposite to the opinions of some media pundits who say that coal is a relic, coal is doing fine globally. In the last few years, coal production in the world reached about seven billion tonnes and increased by about 200 million tonnes in 2017. As for lignite, its production has been stable for many years now at around 800 million tonnes per year.”
Janusz Olszowski, President of the Polish Mining Chamber of Industry and Commerce (GIPH)

EURACOAL on the Clean Energy Package

The European Commission’s “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package of proposals is an important step towards a properly functioning internal market for electricity, this being an objective that EURACOAL fully supports. However, the good progress made to date might be jeopardised if capacity mechanisms are subject to an emission performance standard.

  • The proposal is diametrically opposite to the EU’s objective of creating a competitive, technology-neutral, non-discriminatory internal electricity market.
  • It would favour investment in expensive, new gas-fired power stations to replace the existing coal stations that already balance renewables and ensure reliable power.
  • With more expensive, imported gas, electricity supply would become more expensive and less secure.
  • The electricity sector would be subject to a pointless double regulation, without actually reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the sector’s emissions are already capped by the cost-efficient EU emissions trading system (ETS) to meet politically agreed targets.
  • EU member states would lose their sovereign right to determine their own energy mixes (Art.194 TFEU).

The European Commission’s proposal to deny access to capacity markets by setting an emission performance standard of 550 gCO2/kWh should be rejected. 

Read EURACOAL’s position here and refer also to the similar positions of EURELECTRIC, representing power utilities, ENTSO-E, representing transmission system operators, CEER, representing regulators, EFET, representing energy traders, and BusinessEurope.

click to download full set

EURACOAL on the Clean Energy Package

The European Commission’s “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package of proposals is an important step towards a properly functioning internal market for electricity, this being an objective that EURACOAL fully supports. However, the good progress made to date might be jeopardised if capacity mechanisms are subject to an emission performance standard.

  • The proposal is diametrically opposite to the EU’s objective of creating a competitive, technology-neutral, non-discriminatory internal electricity market.
  • It would favour investment in expensive, new gas-fired power stations to replace the existing coal stations that already balance renewables and ensure reliable power.
  • With more expensive, imported gas, electricity supply would become more expensive and less secure.
  • The electricity sector would be subject to a pointless double regulation, without actually reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the sector’s emissions are already capped by the cost-efficient EU emissions trading system (ETS) to meet politically agreed targets.
  • EU member states would lose their sovereign right to determine their own energy mixes (Art.194 TFEU).

The European Commission’s proposal to deny access to capacity markets by setting an emission performance standard of 550 gCO2/kWh should be rejected.

Read EURACOAL’s position here and refer also to the similar positions of EURELECTRIC, representing power utilities, ENTSO-E, representing transmission system operators, CEER, representing regulators, EFET, representing energy traders, and BusinessEurope.

click to download full set

EURACOAL on the Clean Energy Package

The European Commission’s “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package of proposals is an important step towards a properly functioning internal market for electricity, this being an objective that EURACOAL fully supports. However, the good progress made to date might be jeopardised if capacity mechanisms are subject to an emission performance standard.

  • The proposal is diametrically opposite to the EU’s objective of creating a competitive, technology-neutral, non-discriminatory internal electricity market.
  • It would favour investment in expensive, new gas-fired power stations to replace the existing coal stations that already balance renewables and ensure reliable power.
  • With more expensive, imported gas, electricity supply would become more expensive and less secure.
  • The electricity sector would be subject to a pointless double regulation, without actually reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the sector’s emissions are already capped by the cost-efficient EU emissions trading system (ETS) to meet politically agreed targets.
  • EU member states would lose their sovereign right to determine their own energy mixes (Art.194 TFEU).

The European Commission’s proposal to deny access to capacity markets by setting an emission performance standard of 550 gCO2/kWh should be rejected.

Read EURACOAL’s position here and refer also to the similar positions of EURELECTRIC, representing power utilities, ENTSO-E, representing transmission system operators, CEER, representing regulators, EFET, representing energy traders, and BusinessEurope.

click to download full set

EURACOAL on the Clean Energy Package

The European Commission’s “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package of proposals is an important step towards a properly functioning internal market for electricity, this being an objective that EURACOAL fully supports. However, the good progress made to date might be jeopardised if capacity mechanisms are subject to an emission performance standard.

  • The proposal is diametrically opposite to the EU’s objective of creating a competitive, technology-neutral, non-discriminatory internal electricity market.
  • It would favour investment in expensive, new gas-fired power stations to replace the existing coal stations that already balance renewables and ensure reliable power.
  • With more expensive, imported gas, electricity supply would become more expensive and less secure.
  • The electricity sector would be subject to a pointless double regulation, without actually reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the sector’s emissions are already capped by the cost-efficient EU emissions trading system (ETS) to meet politically agreed targets.
  • EU member states would lose their sovereign right to determine their own energy mixes (Art.194 TFEU).

The European Commission’s proposal to deny access to capacity markets by setting an emission performance standard of 550 gCO2/kWh should be rejected.

Read EURACOAL’s position here and refer also to the similar positions of EURELECTRIC, representing power utilities, ENTSO-E, representing transmission system operators, CEER, representing regulators, EFET, representing energy traders, and BusinessEurope.

click to download full set

EURACOAL on the Clean Energy Package

The European Commission’s “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package of proposals is an important step towards a properly functioning internal market for electricity, this being an objective that EURACOAL fully supports. However, the good progress made to date might be jeopardised if capacity mechanisms are subject to an emission performance standard.

  • The proposal is diametrically opposite to the EU’s objective of creating a competitive, technology-neutral, non-discriminatory internal electricity market.
  • It would favour investment in expensive, new gas-fired power stations to replace the existing coal stations that already balance renewables and ensure reliable power.
  • With more expensive, imported gas, electricity supply would become more expensive and less secure.
  • The electricity sector would be subject to a pointless double regulation, without actually reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: the sector’s emissions are already capped by the cost-efficient EU emissions trading system (ETS) to meet politically agreed targets.
  • EU member states would lose their sovereign right to determine their own energy mixes (Art.194 TFEU).

The European Commission’s proposal to deny access to capacity markets by setting an emission performance standard of 550 gCO2/kWh should be rejected.

Read EURACOAL’s position here and refer also to the similar positions of EURELECTRIC, representing power utilities, ENTSO-E, representing transmission system operators, CEER, representing regulators, EFET, representing energy traders, and BusinessEurope.

click to download full set